Today in climate change (12 April 2019)

climate

Please find links below to recent climate change news…

Deadly flooding around the world is a warning of the cascading impacts of climate change https://thinkprogress.org/deadly-flooding-climate-change-impacts/

Sydney set to sizzle as temperatures creep back into the 30s https://www.smh.com.au/national/nsw/sydney-set-to-sizzle-as-temperatures-creep-back-into-the-30s-20190408-p51bu6.html

Melting glaciers contribute a third of sea-level rise https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2019/04/world-mountain-glaciers-melting-sea-level-rise/

Global glacier mass changes and their contributions to sea-level rise from 1961 to 2016 https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1071-0

Global Warming Is Pushing Arctic Toward ‘Unprecedented State,’ Research Shows https://insideclimatenews.org/news/08042019/arctic-climate-change-temperature-permafrost-sea-ice-wildilfe-ecology-study

Key indicators of Arctic climate change: 1971–2017 https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/aafc1b

‘Land of the short white cloud’ – NZ glaciers’ huge loss of ice in just 42 years https://www.nzherald.co.nz/environment/news/article.cfm?c_id=39&objectid=12220542&ref=rss

Climate damages and adaptation potential across diverse sectors of the United States https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-019-0444-6

‘For Canada as a whole, there is a lack of observational evidence of changes in daily and short-duration extreme precipitation’ https://www.cityfloodmap.com/2019/04/environment-canada-report-confirms-no.html

Warmest March on record for Australia http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/current/month/aus/summary.shtml

23 former Fire and Emergency Chiefs call for stronger action on climate change, warning that worsening extreme weather is threatening Australian lives https://www.climatecouncil.org.au/resources/emergency-chiefs-australia-unprepared-for-worsening-extremes/

Climate change will crush real estate values for investors who don’t prepare, new report says https://www.cnbc.com/2019/04/08/climate-change-will-crush-real-estate-values-for-unprepared-investors-report.html

Interactive Arctic Sea Ice Graph http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/charctic-interactive-sea-ice-graph/

How humans derailed the Earth’s climate in just 160 years https://theconversation.com/how-humans-derailed-the-earths-climate-in-just-160-years-114021?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=twitterbutton

Two-thirds of glacier ice in the Alps ‘will melt by 2100’ https://www.tiredearth.com/news/two-thirds-glacier-ice-alps-will-melt-2100

Scientists drilling old ice to learn more about climate change https://earther.gizmodo.com/scientists-are-gearing-up-to-drill-some-of-the-oldest-i-1833942134?IR=T

Managing climate change with early warnings https://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/blog/2019/managing-climate-change-with-early-warnings.html

Extreme Hemispheric Heat Waves Like 2018’s Growing More Common with Climate Change, Study Says https://insideclimatenews.org/news/11042019/2018-heat-wave-climate-change-attribution-northern-hemisphere-extreme-weather-record

Renewables will dominate world’s energy needs, says global body https://reneweconomy.com.au/renewables-will-dominate-worlds-energy-needs-says-global-body-73381/

 

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Today in climate change (5 April 2019)

climate

Please find below links to recent climate change news…

A record share of Australians say humans cause climate change: poll https://www.smh.com.au/environment/climate-change/a-record-share-of-australians-say-humans-cause-climate-change-poll-20190328-p518go.html

Cyclone Idai and the New Reality of Climate Change in Africa https://www.cfr.org/blog/cyclone-idai-and-new-reality-climate-change-africa?utm_medium=social_share&utm_source=tw

Climate change and when human nature can lead to rejection of science https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-03-31/climate-change-when-human-nature-leads-to-rejection-of-science/10952244

Islands are just disappearing https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/are-islands-disappearing

New report launch: Climate change – Liability risks https://www.preventionweb.net/news/view/64534

Australia swelters through the warmest March on record https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-04-01/2019-hottest-march-on-record-in-australia/10959828

Changing the National Flood Insurance Program for a Changing Climate https://www.eli.org/sites/default/files/images/49.10320_.pdf

When the dike breaks: How climate change threatens Maritime lowlands https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/climate-change-threatens-dikes-1.5077253

Canada warming at twice the global rate, leaked report finds https://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/canada-warming-at-twice-the-global-rate-leaked-report-finds-1.5079765

Building For An Uncertain Future: Miami Residents Adapt To The Changing Climate https://www.npr.org/2019/03/31/706940085/building-for-an-uncertain-future-miami-residents-adapt-to-the-changing-climate

UK Climate Projections 2018: From science to policy making https://cabot-institute.blogspot.com/2019/04/uk-climate-projections-2018-from.html

In ‘The Wall,’ Climate Change Pushes Us Further Apart https://chireviewofbooks.com/2019/03/27/in-the-wall-climate-change-pushes-us-further-apart/

For a flooded Midwest, climate forecasts offer little comfort https://theconversation.com/for-a-flooded-midwest-climate-forecasts-offer-little-comfort-114140

2018 was boom year for renewables despite political chaos, report finds https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/apr/04/2018-was-boom-year-for-renewables-despite-political-chaos-report-finds?CMP=share_btn_tw

How tribes are harnessing cutting-edge data to plan for climate change https://www.nationofchange.org/2019/04/01/how-tribes-are-harnessing-cutting-edge-data-to-plan-for-climate-change/

Personalized risk messaging can reduce climate concerns https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0959378018304655?dgcid=raven_sd_via_email

“The Invading Sea” wins national journalism award for editorial leadership https://www.theinvadingsea.com/2019/04/02/the-invading-sea-wins-national-journalism-award-for-editorial-leadership/?fbclid=IwAR1J31GBBvsClzS3udyjsusA_d_Ybx3lufWCTfcS-dd31Bg6vBqZgpS4fuI

Last time CO2 levels were this high, there were trees at the South Pole https://www.theguardian.com/science/2019/apr/03/south-pole-tree-fossils-indicate-impact-of-climate-change

Iceberg History May Explain Climate Change http://www.sciencetimes.com/articles/19387/20190330/iceberg-history-may-explain-climate-change.htm

It’s raining on Greenland’s ice sheet. That’s a big problem https://grist.org/article/its-raining-on-greenlands-ice-sheet-thats-a-big-problem/

Insurers slam budget’s ‘short-sighted’ climate measures https://www.afr.com/news/politics/national/insurers-slam-budget-s-short-sighted-climate-measures-20190403-p51a93

7 American cities that could disappear by 2100 https://www.businessinsider.com.au/american-cities-disappear-sea-level-rise-2100-2019-3?

Great Lakes are rapidly warming, likely to trigger more flooding and extreme weather https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/windsor/great-lakes-climate-warming-1.5065922

Today in climate change (29 March 2019)

climate

Please find links below to recent climate change news…

Adapting To Climate Change In Miami https://www.npr.org/2019/03/24/706295320/adapting-to-climate-change-in-miami

Climate change has some Floridians fleeing https://buffalonews.com/2019/03/25/don-paul-climate-change-has-some-floridians-fleeing/

Child poverty, disasters and climate change: investigating relationships and implications over the life course of children https://www.odi.org/publications/11281-child-poverty-disasters-and-climate-change-investigating-relationships-and-implications-over-life

In blow to climate, coal plants emitted more than ever in 2018 https://www.washingtonpost.com/climate-environment/2019/03/26/blow-climate-coal-plants-emitted-more-than-ever/?utm_term=.101a3df406d0

CO2 emissions rose 1.7% last year and hit a new record https://www.iea.org/geco/

Why fear and anger are rational responses to climate change https://theconversation.com/why-fear-and-anger-are-rational-responses-to-climate-change-114056?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=twitterbutton

Climate change: Drilling in ‘Iceberg Alley’ https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-47711600

Storm-slammed Mozambique must rebuild for ‘tomorrow’s climate’ http://news.trust.org/item/20190327162323-nmosv/

Half a degree more warming may cause dramatic differences on drought-flood compound risks https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/03/190326105648.htm

State of the Climate in 2018 shows accelerating climate change impacts https://public.wmo.int/en/media/press-release/state-of-climate-2018-shows-accelerating-climate-change-impacts

Research Handbook on Climate Change Adaptation Policy https://www.e-elgar.com/shop/research-handbook-on-climate-change-adaptation-policy

Sir David Attenborough to present climate change documentary https://www.bbc.com/news/entertainment-arts-47666007

Mozambique isn’t alone. Rising sea levels threaten millions in the developing world https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2019/03/26/mozambique-isnt-alone-rising-sea-levels-threaten-millions-developing-world/?utm_term=.f65a4459c193

Climate change’s fingerprints are on U.S. Midwest floods: scientists https://news.yahoo.com/climate-changes-fingerprints-u-midwest-floods-scientists-094006471.html

Today in climate change (22 March 2019)

climate

Please find below links to recent climate change news…

‘Monster’ El Nino a chance later this year, pointing to extended dry times https://www.smh.com.au/environment/climate-change/monster-el-nino-a-chance-later-this-year-pointing-to-extended-dry-times-20190315-p514hi.html?utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Twitter#Echobox=1552716989

Climate model uncertainty helps scientists narrow range of predictions https://www.upi.com/Science_News/2019/03/18/Climate-model-uncertainty-helps-scientists-narrow-range-of-predictions/4061552929515/

NYC – To save the city from rising seas, build more of it https://slate.com/business/2019/03/why-new-york-is-expanding-into-the-east-river.html

‘Era of disasters’ poses challenge for governments https://www.governmentnews.com.au/era-of-disasters-pose-challenges-for-governments/

Use forecast to talk about climate change, urges ex-BBC presenter https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/mar/19/use-forecast-to-talk-about-climate-change-urges-ex-bbc-presenter

Avalanches Menace Colorado as Climate Change Raises the Risk https://insideclimatenews.org/news/08032019/avalanche-climate-change-risk-snow-storm-forecast-colorado-switzerland

APRA demands banks, insurers act on climate risk https://www.afr.com/business/insurance/apra-demands-banks-insurers-act-on-climate-risk-20190320-h1cl3l

Climate change making storms like Idai more severe, say experts https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/mar/19/climate-change-making-storms-like-idai-more-severe-say-experts?CMP=share_btn_tw

Study shows IPCC is underselling climate change https://phys.org/news/2019-03-ipcc-underselling-climate.html

Cyclone Idai lays bare the fundamental injustice of climate change https://grist.org/article/cyclone-idai-lays-bare-the-fundamental-injustice-of-climate-change/

The waters are rising, the floods are coming. What are we doing to save ourselves? https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2019/03/20/nebraska-floods-more-water-coming-heres-what-mankind-should-do/3214576002/

Climate-ready planning laws for NSW https://www.edonsw.org.au/climate_ready_planning_laws

Assessing contributions of major emitters’ Paris‐era decisions to future temperature extremes https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2018GL081608?af=R&

The Subtle Seduction of the ‘Warm’ in Global Warming https://undark.org/2019/03/21/warmth-and-global-warming/

Today in climate change (15 March 2019)

climate

Please find links below to recent climate change news…

Santiago Climate Change Conference – December 2019 https://unfccc.int/santiago

Sea ice plays pacemaker role in abrupt climate change https://www.bees.unsw.edu.au/sea-ice-plays-pacemaker-role-abrupt-climate-change-1

Australia needs a national plan to face the growing threat of climate disasters https://theconversation.com/australia-needs-a-national-plan-to-face-the-growing-threat-of-climate-disasters-113107

U.S.’s wettest winter on record is a ‘glimpse of the future under climate change’ https://thinkprogress.org/extreme-weather-wettest-winter-climate-c87c3ab31156/

Climate change eats away at Torres Strait islands, prompting calls for long-term solutions https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-02-09/call-for-increased-flood-protection-in-torres-strait/10794696

Warming temperatures are exposing more people to heat waves and increasing the risk of disease spread https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/climate-change-is-having-a-major-impact-on-global-health/

The Nelson fires are a climate change warning for New Zealand https://thespinoff.co.nz/science/05-03-2019/the-nelson-fires-are-a-climate-change-warning-for-new-zealand/

Dead things, bubbles in ice cores, layers of sediment: together, they testify to the power of the atmosphere to change the Earth https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/hot-planet/deep-time/

Methane levels are increasing – and scientists aren’t sure why https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/03/methane-levels-are-increasing-and-scientists-aren-t-sure-why

The networks mostly ignored climate solution in 2018, but that’s changing in 2019 thanks to Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez https://thinkprogress.org/climate-change-mainstream-media-coverage-2018-4d76f27dbbf8/

Attributing extreme weather to climate change: research mapped globally https://www.carbonbrief.org/mapped-how-climate-change-affects-extreme-weather-around-the-world

It’s 2050 And This Is How We Stopped Climate Change https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2019/03/11/688876374/its-2050-and-this-is-how-we-stopped-climate-change

‘We’ve been forced into this’: Australia’s school climate strikes to go global https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/mar/11/weve-been-forced-into-this-australias-school-climate-strikes-to-go-global?CMP=Share_iOSApp_Other

Few pathways to an acceptable climate future without immediate action, according to study https://phys.org/news/2019-03-pathways-climate-future-action.html

Is climate change making U.S. tornadoes worse? https://www.pbs.org/newshour/science/is-climate-change-making-u-s-tornadoes-worse

Greta Thunberg, schoolgirl climate change warrior: ‘Some people can let things go. I can’t’ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/mar/11/greta-thunberg-schoolgirl-climate-change-warrior-some-people-can-let-things-go-i-cant

Cuba acknowledges climate change threats in its constitution https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-00760-3?utm_source=Nature%20Briefing&utm_campaign=e98d492f38-briefing-dy-20190311&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_c9dfd39373-e98d492f38-43943857

Navigating climate’s human geographies: Exploring the whereabouts of climate politics https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2043820619829920

The economics of climate change adaptation https://cdn.gca.org/assets/2018-10/18_WP_GCA_Economics_1001_final.pdf

Here’s what Antarctica’s calving glaciers look like up close https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2019/03/watching-thwaites-glacier-calving-antarctica/

Famine, economic collapse, a sun that cooks us: What climate change could wreak — sooner than you think http://nymag.com/intelligencer/2017/07/climate-change-earth-too-hot-for-humans.html

“Wildly Fluctuating Forecasts” & Flooding — A Common Theme Of Climate Change https://cleantechnica.com/2019/03/11/wildly-fluctuating-forecasts-flooding-a-common-theme-of-climate-change-cleantechnica-exclusive/

As the Sea Rises, Communities Learn to Have Difficult Conversations About Retreat https://www.lincolninst.edu/publications/articles/climate-adaptation

Destruction from sea level rise in California could exceed worst wildfires and earthquakes, new research shows https://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-california-coast-storm-damage-20190313-story.html

RBA turns Dorothea Mackellar’s “My Country” right back on climate deniers https://reneweconomy.com.au/rba-turns-dorothea-mackellars-my-country-right-back-on-climate-deniers-16427/

In his new book, futurist Alex Steffen encourages people to think of tackling climate change as an ongoing opportunity to build a sustainable future, not a fight we’ve already lost https://www.fastcompany.com/90318242/climate-change-is-inevitable-how-bad-it-gets-is-a-choice

Exploring climate change through creative arts a focus for Prime Minister’s science award recipient https://www.stuff.co.nz/environment/climate-news/111177380/exploring-climate-change-through-creative-arts-a-focus-for-prime-ministers-science-award-recipient

Sharp rise in Arctic temperatures now inevitable – UN https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/mar/13/arctic-temperature-rises-must-be-urgently-tackled-warns-un

Climate study warns of vanishing safety window—here’s why https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2019/03/climate-change-model-warns-of-difficult-future/

My New Plan to Climate-Proof Lower Manhattan http://nymag.com/intelligencer/amp/2019/03/bill-de-blasio-my-new-plan-to-climate-proof-lower-manhattan.html?__twitter_impression=true

3-5°C temperature rise is now ‘locked-in’ for the Arctic https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/press-release/3-5degc-temperature-rise-now-locked-arctic

 

Today in climate change (8 March 2019)

Capture

Please find below links to recent climate change news…

A recent court ruling could signal a new direction for Australian climate law https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/climate-change-in-court

California’s Wildfires Burn Through America’s Climate Illusions https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2019-03-01/california-s-wildfires-show-we-ll-all-pay-for-climate-change

Resilience and Adaptation Strategies Can Address the Impacts of Climate Change https://www.rand.org/blog/rand-review/2019/02/resilience-and-adaptation-strategies-can-address-the.html?adbid=1102588515517255680&adbpl=tw&adbpr=22545453&adbsc=social_20190304_2711881

Humans cause climate change. Do we just need fewer humans? https://grist.org/article/humans-cause-climate-change-do-we-just-need-fewer-humans/?utm_campaign=RebelMouse&share_id=4440003&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter&utm_content=Daily%20Climate

Climate change is the world’s biggest threat, according to a new global survey https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/02/climate-change-seen-as-top-threat-in-global-survey

One of the most northerly communities in the world, Tuktoyaktuk in Canada’s Northwest Territories, is fighting a losing battle against climate change http://www.rcinet.ca/en/2019/03/01/the-not-so-slowly-disappearing-arctic-shores/

Rising Seas Soaked Home Owners for $16 Billion over 12 Years https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/rising-seas-soaked-home-owners-for-16-billion-over-12-years/?amp

Wildfires, Flooding and Droughts Could Make Climate Change an Issue. Some Are Pushing for It to Be the Top One http://time.com/5543102/2020-election-climate-change/

UK shows how climate action done, with cuts to emissions for six years in a row https://reneweconomy.com.au/uk-shows-how-climate-action-done-with-cuts-to-emissions-for-six-years-in-a-row-86614/

Climate change: Satellite fix safeguards Antarctic data https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-47461199

The Silencing Of The Climate Emergency, And What We Should Do About It https://newmatilda.com/2019/03/05/silencing-climate-emergency/?utm_campaign=shareaholic&utm_medium=twitter&utm_source=socialnetwork

Scientists struck by New Zealand’s vanishing postcard glaciers https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=12210155

Rainfall Is Triggering More Melting on the Greenland Ice Sheet, Study Finds https://insideclimatenews.org/news/07032019/greenland-ice-sheet-melting-rain-increase-climate-change-sea-level-rise-feedback-loop

Australia’s ‘angriest summer’: 200 records broken and fruit cooking on trees https://www.sbs.com.au/news/australia-s-angriest-summer-200-records-broken-and-fruit-cooking-on-trees

The other kind of climate denialism https://www.newyorker.com/science/elements/the-other-kind-of-climate-denialism

How Global Warming Changes the Difficulty of Synoptic Weather Forecasting https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2018GL081856

 

Today in climate change (1 March 2019)

climate

Please find links below to recent climate change news…

Climate change forces low-lying Marshall Islands to ‘elevate islands’ https://www.sbs.com.au/news/climate-change-forces-low-lying-marshall-islands-to-elevate-islands

The Katowice Climate Package: Making The Paris Agreement Work For All https://unfccc.int/process-and-meetings/the-paris-agreement/katowice-climate-package

The private sector’s 5 big climate risk and adaptation blind spots https://www.greenbiz.com/article/private-sectors-5-big-climate-risk-and-adaptation-blind-spots

It is absolutely time to panic about climate change https://www.vox.com/energy-and-environment/2019/2/22/18188562/climate-change-david-wallace-wells-the-uninhabitable-earth

Global Warming’s Compounding Dangers https://www.climatecentral.org/news/report-climate-pile-up-global-warmings-compounding-dangers

What the 17th century’s “Little Ice Age” teaches us about climate change https://qz.com/1554962/what-17th-centurys-little-ice-age-teaches-us-on-climate-change/

A world without clouds? Hardly clear, climate scientists say https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/02/world-without-clouds-hardly-clear-climate-scientists-say?r3f_986=https://t.co/R0STJ919p5

Evidence for man-made global warming hits ‘gold standard’: scientists https://www.reuters.com/article/us-climatechange-temperatures-idUSKCN1QE1ZU?utm_campaign=trueAnthem:+Trending+Content&utm_content=5c7485331adf640001b8e981&utm_medium=trueAnthem&utm_source=twitter

Is Climate Change to Blame for Queensland’s Historic Flooding? https://www.air-worldwide.com/Blog/Is-Climate-Change-to-Blame-for-Queensland%E2%80%99s-Historic-Flooding-/

‘It’s been extreme’: Australia’s summer smashes seasonal heat records https://www.smh.com.au/environment/weather/it-s-been-extreme-australia-s-summer-smashes-seasonal-heat-records-20190227-p510od.html?utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Twitter#Echobox=1551253168

Sea level rise’s impact on property values will be greatest in N.J. Shore towns, study says https://www.philly.com/science/climate/climate-change-sea-level-rise-new-jersey-shore-ocean-city-property-values-20190227.html?__vfz=medium%3Dsharebar

‘A Harbinger of Things to Come’: Farmers in Australia Struggle With Its Hottest Drought Ever http://time.com/longform/australia-drought-photos/

Why are there UK wildfires in February? https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-47389480

Why action against climate change is so important and How partners are helping the people of Papua New Guinea? http://www.pg.undp.org/content/papua_new_guinea/en/home/presscenter/articles/2019/why-action-against-climate-change-is-so-important-and-how-partne.html

BOM Webinar recording: State of the Climate https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EFwxiAzRh-U&feature=youtu.be&utm_source=li&utm_medium=org&utm_campaign=sm-017-0025&utm_content=vid

Climate, the crisis that threatens our political duopoly https://www.smh.com.au/environment/climate-change/climate-the-crisis-that-threatens-our-political-duopoly-20190227-p510j7.html?utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Twitter#Echobox=1551304153

Unprepared for climate change: Mauritius needs to go beyond treating the symptoms of environmental degradation https://diraj.org/unprepared-for-climate-change-mauritius-needs-to-go-beyond-treating-the-symptoms-of-environmental-degradation/

Compared to climate observations that date back to 1910, this summer could certainly be classed as extreme https://www.afr.com/news/economy/if-this-summer-felt-different-that-is-because-it-was-20190227-h1brwl

To fight climate change, first “talk about it,” climate scientist says https://www.cbsnews.com/news/katharine-hayhoe-to-fight-climate-change-talk-about-it/

2018-19 was Australia’s hottest summer on record, with a warm autumn likely too https://theconversation.com/2018-19-was-australias-hottest-summer-on-record-with-a-warm-autumn-likely-too-112616?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=twitterbutton

Iceberg twice the size of New York City is set to break away from Antarctica https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/26/iceberg-break-away-antarctica-ice-shelf?CMP=Share_iOSApp_Other

Coastal Flooding Is Erasing Billions in Property Value as Sea Level Rises. That’s Bad News for Cities https://insideclimatenews.org/news/28022019/coastal-flooding-home-values-sea-level-rise-climate-change-ocean-city-miami-beach

The Water Will Come: Rising Seas, Sinking Cities and the Remaking of the Civilized World https://www.civilgeo.com/the-water-will-come-examines-the-science-politics-and-humanitarian-crises-posed-by-rising-sea-levels/